Against the backdrop of economic globalization, with the close interaction among countries around the world and the accelerated flow of various resources and elements, no country can independently grasp the direction of frontier-oriented high-tech development, nor can it achieve the optimal allocation of scientific and technological resources within a country. Therefore, international technology transfer has become a realistic requirement for the development of high technology. One of the important tasks of Qingdao Innovation Institute is to integrate high quality overseas innovation resources and realize cross-border technology transfer. After several years of hard work, Qingdao Innovation Institute and its CEO Dr. Huang Yannong has a unique understanding of cross-border technology transfer.
Why do we need cross-border technology transfer?
Over the past decades of reform and opening up, with the continuous improvement of China's economic structure, investment promotion work has also been continuously upgraded, from the early investment attraction, focusing on capital, to the later talent attraction, focusing on talent, and in recent years, a new term called cross-border technology transfer, focusing on technology, especially refers to the technology that can fill domestic gaps or technology shortcomings.
Innovation is the driving force of national and regional economic development, in recent years, China has implemented an innovation-driven development strategy to support enterprises to carry out independent innovation, China's technological innovation capacity from the "catch-up" "parallel running" to some technical fields. "Leading the way". However, as a technologically latecomer country, China should not only improve its own R&D capacity, but also absorb leading international technologies to rapidly shorten the technology gap with developed countries, and the introduction of cross-border technology has become an important source of China's scientific and technological innovation. With the gradual development of the economy, cross-border technology transfer has gradually become a bridge to support scientific and technological connectivity, the construction of ecological civilization, the cooperation and exchange of talents, and the deepening of national and regional openness and cooperation, which has created new opportunities for the development of national science and technology.
The path to realize cross-border technology transfer
Dr. Huang Yanong, CEO of Qingdao Innovation Institute, combined his many years of experience in cross-border technology transfer, said: "Cross-border technology transfer is a difficult and complex job, and its complexity is first of all because it requires a professional background. Secondly, it involves a very wide range of processes, involving technical, legal, market, and even transnational trade levels, and a very large number of stakeholders, all of which make the cross-border technology transfer path process complex and the success rate low."
"Even though there are difficulties, there are still rules to follow." Dr. Huang believes that to achieve a successful cross-border technology transfer includes, but is not limited to, the following four steps.
The crucial point is to have a deep understanding of the domestic market, research and make a demand analysis.
The second point is to have a precise positioning on the introduction of foreign technology from content to form, and consider clearly whether the form of introduction is an entity or a technology license, etc. For example, in the software industry, will Qingdao Innovation Institute introduce the source code of software or the license, the term of use of the license and geographical restrictions, or introduce a concept of the enterprise or technology license? For example, in the software industry, Qingdao Innovation Institute will introduce the source code of the software or the license, the license's term of use and regional restrictions, or introduce a concept, a method or a technology path. Therefore, cross-border technology transfer should have a precise positioning of the content, form, content and extension of the introduction.
The third point is to determine the domestic carrier, which not only has the technical strength to digest, absorb and localize the technology to be introduced, but also has sufficient market capacity.
Fourthly, Qingdao Innovation Institute should build a complete ecological system for the cross-border transfer of technology to ensure its sustainable operation, which includes funds, partners, the ecological system formed by all stakeholders, resources, investment institutions, and even help to establish its business model.
A relatively complete example of cross-border technology transfer that Dr. Huang Yanong has successfully achieved through his efforts in recent years. A few years ago, through the analysis of the domestic big data market, it was found that the existing domestic technology can not meet the needs of a particular type of application scenario. One of the characteristics of this particular application scenario is that it has a very wide application scope, and another is that the data volume is very large and the structure is complex. It is found that the current big data technology in this field is a blank in China. Therefore, the Institute decided to introduce advanced foreign technical ideas, invite overseas institutions to do systematic comparison tests to determine the technical route, and look for domestic enterprises as a technology carrier to realize the implementation.
Due to the good market demand and advanced and exclusive technology route, the Institute has assisted the technology landed enterprises to raise more than 100 million RMB, which mainly comes from the market, investment and financing institutions, and also part of government support. The landed enterprises become the first enterprises in this industry in China, helping to fill the gaps in the country and forming a completely new industry.